Everything You Need to Know About Dyspareunia
What is Dyspareunia?
Dyspareunia is a medical term for painful intercourse or painful sex. Due to this reason, women face issues when using tampons. If you have dyspareunia, you will face extreme pain in the genitals or inside the pelvic region. The pain that happens from Dyspareunia is recurring and usually arise during sexual intercourse. However, it can be sharp or intense and occur before or after, or even during sexual intercourse.
This problem is quite common in women more than men. There are several reasons behind this; however, we can treat it easily. Doctors these days offer various medical solutions that help in controlling the problem of painful intercourse.
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What are the causes?
Various conditions can cause painful sex. While some women believe that Dyspareunia is a sign of physical problems, others experience it due to emotional factors.
Some of its physical causes can be vaginal dryness due to menopause, breastfeeding, medications, or no arousal before intercourse. Apart from that, skin ulcers, Urinary tract infections, and other factors can also cause pain.
Trauma due to childbirth, episiotomy, or pelvic surgery can cause painful sex. Vaginitis, endometriosis and cystitis, may also lead to painful intercourse.
What are the symptoms of Dyspareunia?
Dyspareunia pain varies from one person to another. Moreover, the pain occurs in a different part of the pelvic region. For example, the pain occurs in the vagina, bladder, or urethra. Apart from that, pain during or after penetration can signify that you are suffering from dyspareunia.
Pain might also occur while using tampons. Besides, you might also feel burning, itching, or aching. Therefore, if you are suffering from these symptoms, it is best to consult a specialist doctor.
How is Dyspareunia diagnosed?
There are several methods by which you can find out whether you have dyspareunia. Doctors these days recommend various tests that help to diagnose it. Initially, your doctor will opt for a thorough medical history and ask you about your sexual history.
Therefore, he will ask you few questions such as where you are feeling the pain, partner, or the position causing the pain. Other than this, he might ask you about any activities that lead to severe pain. At last, questions on whether there are other conditions, which lead to pelvic pain.
At times, a pelvic examination is done since it helps in detecting the problematic areas. In this process, your doctor will check the internal and external floor of your pelvic region. A Pap test is done where a speculum is used to check your vagina. Cotton swabs are used for putting pressure in different areas of your vagina as a part of the examination.
Some of the initial examinations that doctors take include pelvic ultrasound, urine test, allergy test, and counseling to find out if there are any emotional causes.
What are the treatments available?
Luckily, various effective treatments are available these days to treat dyspareunia. However, when it comes to the initial treatment procedures, medications are used to treat your condition. For example, if you experience painful sex due to an infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics, antifungal medicines, or injectable corticosteroids.
Long-term medications might cause vaginal dryness; therefore, your physician might change the medicines in your prescription. Opting for alternative ones helps in maintaining the natural lubrication in your vagina.
Alternatively, various home remedies help in reversing its symptoms. Some include water-soluble lubricants and having sex, especially when your partner feels relaxed. Apart from that, emptying your bladder before sex and a warm bath might help.
Other alternative therapies are effective in treating painful sex. It includes desensitization therapy, also known as sex therapy. When it comes to desensitization therapy, you will know about various vaginal relaxation techniques.
What are the preventions to be taken?
As of now, there are no such prevention measures that help in treating dyspareunia. However, you can do few things for reducing intercourse pain. For example, post-childbirth, make sure to wait for almost six weeks before you begin with sexual intercourse.
Make sure to utilize a water-soluble lubricant during sexual intercourse, especially if you face vaginal dryness. Proper hygiene is yet another one of the best preventions that you can take for treating Dyspareunia. Using condoms is yet another one of the most important ways of preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
1. Who’s at risk for dyspareunia?
Both men and women experience dyspareunia; however, it is more common in women due to various factors. Besides, it is usual, especially in women suffering from postmenopausal women.
As per the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, almost 75% of women face painful sex after a certain point. If you take medications for vaginal dryness or bacterial infection, you can be at risk for dyspareunia.