What is Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is the inability to get or keep an erection firm at the time of sexual intercourse. At some point, several men can find it difficult to maintain an erection during sexual activity. If maintaining an erection becomes an issue for a long period, it is advised to consult an Erectile Dysfunction Specialist to get treatment.
If you have been experiencing non-satisfactory sexual performance related to erection issues, it indicates erectile dysfunction. There are a lot of reasons that affect a man’s erection. It includes some poor lifestyle habits or physical and psychological causes. So, it is important to speak up and talk to your doctor. It is a health issue, and men should not be ashamed of talking about it.
Everything You Need to Know About Erectile Dysfunction
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What is Erection?During sexual intercourse, a man gets sexually excited, and the brain releases chemicals that increase blood flow towards the penis. As a result, there are two erection chambers in the penis made of spongy muscle tissues, also called the corpus cavernous. At the erection, the tissues further relax and trap blood in them. As a result, the penis gets firmer with the help of the blood pressure in the chambers, and thus, the erection takes place. After getting an erection, the cells again send new signals that reach the penis and cause the muscular tissues in the penis to contract. The blood goes back into the circulation, and thus the erection also comes down. On not being sexually activated, there will be no changes in the penis, and it will remain soft and limp. Several men also noticed that the size of the penis also sometimes depends on the temperature like warmth, cold, or worry. This is quite normal as it reflects the balance of blood circulating into the penis.
When to consult a doctor?
If you face the symptoms for a long time, speak to your doctor at the earliest. Consult a specialist:
- If you feel agitated regarding your erections or undergoing other sexual difficulties like premature Ejaculation or delayed Ejaculation.
- If you already have problems like diabetes, heart disease, and many more.
- Along with ED if you find other symptoms as well.
What are the symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction?
The symptoms related to Erectile Dysfunction can be determined and are further listed below:
- Difficulty in getting an erection
- Difficulty in getting an erection
- The diminished sexual desire
Many men find difficulty maintaining an erection at some point in their lives. It can happen due to many reasons like smoking, stress, emotional breakdown, etc. But if you can’t keep an erection firm that lasts long enough or is rigid to have proper sex, then it is high time you should consult with your doctor as you are affected by the ED.
What are the causes of Erectile Dysfunction?
An Erection depends upon men’s sexual excitement; further is multiplex networking. It involves the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles, and blood vessels. Thus if any of these factors has a problem, it can affect an erection and cause ED. Apart from this, several mental conditions affect erectile dysfunction.
Mostly both the Physical and psychological issues result in ED. For example, a minor physical condition causing anxiety can slow down your sexual response.
The three types of causes are:
1. Physical Causes
The common physical causes that can cause ED are as follows:
- Heart disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Certain Medicines
- Tobacco use
- Peyronie’s disorder
- Alcoholism and other habits
- Treatments including cancer or prostate
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Metabolic syndrome ( high blood pressure, insulin levels, body fat, including cholesterol)
- Parkinson’s disease.
- Surgeries or bruises; affecting the pelvic area or spinal cord.
- Low testosterone
2. Psychological Causes
Psychology means the involvement of the brain, which plays the most crucial role in activating chemicals that promotes blood flow and helps to get and hold an erection. Sometimes, when dealing with emotional issues, it can affect your erection. The common types of psychological factors that interfere the sexual feeling are further listed below:
- Fear of intimacy
- Severe anxiety
3. Other Factors
With the advancement of time, people get older, and thus: several erections problems also occur. This way penis might not be firm after a certain age.
What is the treatment of Erectile Dysfunction?
As erectile dysfunction is caused due to underlying health or mental issues, it can only be treated if we manage the same. Therefore, after consulting a doctor, he may prescribe you the following treatment options to treat ED:
Several pills and medications are available on the market that can fight the ED disorder. PDE-5 is one of the common forms of medicine consumed by just 30-6- minutes before performing the sex. Doctor’s prescriptions can only provide this form of the drug. Some other similar pills may include:
1.Levitra or Vardenafil
2.Tadalafil or Cialis
3.Avanafil or Stendra
Prostaglandin E1 is another less commonly used drug that can be applied locally by injecting inside the penis or by putting at the lower portion of the urethra.
If you have psychological ED, you may need talk therapy sessions. But, first, you need to book an appointment with a therapist to discuss stress, sexual feelings, other emotional issues you are facing, etc. By opening up and speaking about your thoughts, you might see differences in your behavior, thoughts, and sexual life.
As a part of your treatment, exercise can improve your condition regarding ED. Some basic regular exercises, kegel exercise, yoga, etc., can help you stay active. In addition, exercises will help you cope with underlying health issues related to ED. It also helps in reducing stress, weight, and anxiety levels.
Surgical Treatments and Pumps
In cases where other medications are not working, the doctor may suggest surgery to treat ED. Usually, to treat it, there are two types of surgical treatments available for an individual, and that includes:
1.Penile implants: This is a final option for the men who do not receive any positive impacts from the Medications. In this surgery, we place devices on both sides of the penis. The doctor does it either by implanting a malleable or inflatable rod in the penis. These rods give control to you over when and for how long you want an erection. The rods make your penis firm but also bendable.
2.Vascular surgery:Now, for patients with some blood flow problem in the penis, the doctor may suggest Vascular surgery. This surgical method mainly aims to correct the blood vessel and repair blocked arteries that deal with Erectile Dysfunction.
3.Penis pumps: Penis pumps or vacuum erection devices can be a part of ED treatment. It is a hollow tube that either work by hand or a battery. You have to place the tube over your penis and use it to suck out the air. It creates a vacuum around the penis and pulls blood around it. After getting an erection, you have to stick a tension ring to the penis to hold the erection by keeping it firm.
4.Shockwave and PRP: In this treatment method, PRP (platelet-rich plasma) is coupled with low-intensity extracorporeal shockwaves to treat ED patients. The PRP releases cytokines and growth factors in the body that promote cavernous tissue repair. It also protects the erection function of the nerve and stimulates its growth.
5.Natural Treatment: In some patients, natural treatments can be beneficial to treat ED. It can include herbs like Asparagus racemosus, ginseng, L-arginine, L-carnitine, Yohimbe, etc. You need to consult a doctor before taking these herbs or supplements. Also, there are ongoing studies to see positive results of acupuncture, massage, etc., on ED.
How to diagnose Erectile Dysfunction?
For many people, physical exams and medical history discussions are enough to diagnose ED. In other cases, the doctor may ask for:
- Physical examination of your penis, nerves, and testicles.
- Blood tests to look for heart disease, diabetes, etc.
- Urine test to look for diabetes or any other health issue.
- Ultrasound to see if there is any blood flow issue in the penis.
- Therapy talk to screen for any stress or anxiety-related problems.
Erectile Dysfunction can become a severe disease if it’s not treated on time. No man should be afraid or shy to talk about it. It is just an inability to get and hold an erection that can affect your sexual life. ED is treatable, and if you talk to your doctor, he will prescribe the best treatment for erectile dysfunction.
As medical or psychological factors cause ED, you need to consult a doctor to know the root cause of your problem. We understand that erection issues can affect your relationship, so it becomes important to get treatment. It’s always good to talk about your partner or someone you trust to feel light. You can always call us and talk to our doctors about anything disturbing you.